Mining is the method by which cryptocurrency transactions are processed on the blockchain network. When it comes to Ethereum mining, the process involves having PCs consistently run a hashing algorithm, which takes vast measures of random data and consolidates it to a series of numbers and letters of a settled length. The hashing calculation utilized by Ethereum—known as ETHASH—hashes the metadata from the latest block utilizing something known as nonce: a binary number which creates a one-of-a-kind hashing value. For every new block that is generated in the blockchain, the system sets a specific hash rate and every one of the miners on the system make an effort to figure out the nonce that will bring about the desired result.
Owing to the way cryptographic hashing operates, attempting to figure out the nonce that will bring about the target value is quite impossible. This implies that the main method of finding the right nonce is by wading through all possible solutions until the point when the right one is found in the end. This "proof-of-work" implies that the PC which found the right nonce must've really taken all necessary steps (i.e., utilized the processing energy to run the hashing calculation) to touch base with the value. As the miners find the right nonce, they are rewarded with 5 ETH and a new process begins in the next 12 seconds.
In order to generate high processing power, one may set up an Ethereum mining rig. The best results are obtained using GPUs or Graphics Processing Units, which are basically utilized for 3D illustrations for computer games. Though it is possible for miners to mine using CPUs or Central Processing Units which are mostly responsible for connecting all the correct equipment and programming in a PC, GPUs are far more advanced to run somewhat similar operations again and again—which makes them ideal for hashing on the Ethereum blockchain.
On the off chance that you've laid your hands on a few graphics cards, the following step would be to find a motherboard along with proper electric supply which can deal with the majority of your GPUs running without a moment's delay. The MSI Z170a motherboard and a 1200 Watt Corsair energy supply are ideal in this regard. Each GPU will utilize somewhere between 100 and 250 Watts of energy. Each GPU draws an average of 120 Watts, which suggests that the overall energy consumption of the entire rig must be somewhere around 800 watts. Energy supply units work ideally at around 75% of their overall load limit, so a 1200 Watt PSU will more or less suit your needs.
Along with the GPUs, motherboard and energy supply, you will also need a few powered risers so as to help fit the GPUs directly in the PCI slots of the motherboard. Lastly, you need a rig case to create the setup. A custom case is the best option to go in this regard. Once you have created the setup, you are ready to mine Ethereum!
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